Making Key Connections with the Framework of Six Types of Involvement*
| Type 1 |
Assist families with parenting and child-rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families.
| Type 2 |
Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school-to-home and home-to-school communications.
| Type 3 |
Improve recruitment, training, work, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences at the school or in other locations to support students and school programs.
| Type 4 ||LEARNING AT HOME |
Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-related activities and decisions.
| Type 5|
Include families as participants in school decisions, governance, and advocacy through PTA/PTO, school councils, committees, action teams, and other parent organizations.
| Type 6||COLLABORATING WITH THE COMMUNITY |
Coordinate community resources and services for students, families, and the school with businesses, agencies, and other groups, and provide services to the community.
*Dr. Joyce Epstein, Director, Center on School, Family and Community Partnerships, Johns Hopkins University
3003 N. Charles Street, Suite 2000, Baltimore, Maryland 21218
Or contact Karen Clark Salinas at tel: 410-516-8818, fax: 410-516-8890 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*Epstein, J., Sanders, M., Simon, B., Salinas, K., Jansorn, N., & Van Voorhis, F. (2002).School, Family, and Community Partnerships: Your Handbook for Action, Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
* = sources used